American rock band, Grateful Dead, emerged from the San Fransisco bay area in 1965 fusing many different types of music to become one of the best-loved bands of that era.
They were ranked 55th in the issue: ''Greatest Artists of All Time'' by Rolling Stone magazine and were comprised of Jerry Garcia (lead guitarist) also a reluctant leader, Phil Lesh (bass), Bob Weir ( rhythm guitar), Ron 'Pigpen' McKernon (keyboards/harmonica) and Bill Kreutzman (drums).
The line-up changed over their 30 year history, but with the exception of McKernon the core stayed the same until Garcia, a charismatic man with a tendency to self-destruction - obesity and drug abuse - died.
Eleven members of Grateful Dead were inducted into the Rock n Roll Hall of Fame in 1994. Their early music was seen as an interpretation of psychedelia, and they gained commercial success with ''Workingman's Dead'' and ''American Beauty''.
The band were well-known for their gargantuan touring - with 2,300 live concerts under their belts in three decades, no wonder their fans - the Deadheads - were so devoted.
In 2008 the Grateful Dead put on two concerts for president Obama entitled "Change Rocks" and "Deadheads for Obama", the Grateful Dead have decided to re-unite and tour in 2009.
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Bruce Hornsby was born in November 1954, and has since established himself as an admired American singer, accordion player, songwriter and pianist. His music covers a broad range of genres, drawing influences from classical, jazz, folk, motown, rock and blues.
Hornsby, a thirteen-time Grammy nominee, attended the University of Miami and Berklee School of Music, after which he spent years recording his self-created music and playing in bars across America. In 1974, Hornsby’s brother formed a band, ‘Bobby Hi-Test and the Octane Kids", featuring Hornsby on piano and vocals, and signalling the beginning of his musical career. Following his graduation in 1977, the duo moved to LA, where they spent 3 years writing for 20th Century Fox.
1984 witnessed Hornsby form his own band, ‘Bruce Hornsby and The Range’, who were signed to RCA Records in 1985. The bands career started with a bang, with ‘The Way It Is’ topping the US charts, still reigning as Hornsby’s biggest hit, and having been sampled by 6 rappers to date. Hornsby & the Range won the Best New Artist Grammy Award for 1986.
Hornsby’s second album was not as successful, and he careered onto the path of song writing, creating songs for artists such as Huey Lewis and Don Henley. A third album followed which saw Hornsby venture into other aspects of music, and although challenging himself, this album too had little success.
Hornsby worked extensively as a producer and in the early '90s, doing temporary duty in the Grateful Dead as their keyboardist. In 1993, he released his fourth album ‘Harbor Lights’, without his backup band, The Range. It seems his band could have been holding him back – as the album went gold and followed with a tour of the US.
Since then, Hornsby has released a handful of albums, and still performs to this day.
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